Tank Farm Operations and Performance Course

The Objectives:

Attendance of this five days course will ensure the delegates of being able to:

  • Have in-depth knowledge of operations & management of oil and oil product terminals
  • Apply proper planning and scheduling techniques in storage & transfer systems
  • Command the various planning and transfer requirements for terminals
  • Develop good terminal management skills
  • Apply safe practices and procedures during the various operations in terminals including oil spill contingency and emergency response plans
  • Learn techniques on blending recipes for on specification products
  • Perform calculations for emissions discharges and dispersion

The Content:

Crude Oil and Product Properties

Introduction and Overview

Evaluation of delegates’ present skills and knowledge

  • Stored product properties
  • Liquefied petroleum Gases
  • Gasoline
  • Jet Fuel
  • Diesel
  • Light Fuel oil
  • Heavy Fuel Oil
  • Bitumen
  • Crude oil
  • Light petroleum products
  • Heavy petroleum products
  • Chemicals

Safety and Risk

  • Fire fighting & protection
  • Ignition sources – Electrostatic charge
  • Fire detection and fire fighting systems
  • Risk assessments and management
  • Oil Spills
  • Secondary Containment, Bund walls
  • The Ship/Shore Safety Checklist

Tank types, construction & Requirements for Stored Products

Tank farms differences and purpose

  • Crude Storage
  • Refined product storage
  • Gas storage
  • Chemical Storage

Tank design & engineering considerations

  • Introduction to API codes & standards
  • Roof Types
  • Fixed Dome & Cone
  • Floating Roof
  • Pressurized tanks
  • Suction levels fixed and floating
  • Unpumpables
  • Tank Emissions
  • Breathing Losses
  • Manipulation Losses
  • Measurement and estimation of losses
  • Emission reduction technologies
  • Vapor recovery units
  • Absorption and Scrubbing
  • Water drainage systems network and procedures
  • Process water treatment

Tank Terminal Operations

  • Transfer Systems
  • Centrifugal pumps types and operation
  • Piping systems
  • Maximum Flow and pressure
  • Ship-shore Transfers
  • Loading and unloading Processes
  • Ship Loading and discharge process
  • Pipeline transfers
  • Truck loading
  • The of Bill of Lading
  • Sampling and quality control – ISO 17025
  • Stock loss
  • Spill and overfill control
  • Level alarms/ independent level alarms
  • Tank gauging and metering
  • Instrumentation

Terminal Management

  • Planning and scheduling
  • Terminal inventory
  • Unpumpables & pipeline content ownership
  • Inventory Control
  • Custody transfer and administration
  • Transfer Procedures
  • Inter Tank transfers
  • Changing service tanks
  • Pipeline transfer loss
  • Pipeline thermal relief
  • Storage & transfer
  • Tank calibration/ recalibration
  • Berthing support
  • Cargo transfer support
  • Emergency response
  • Vessel departure support

International regulations & requirements for oil & gas marine terminals

  • Physical, chemical & hazardous properties of contained fluids
  • ISGOTT – Required notifications in the event of a release
  • Record keeping and reporting
  • Release detection, response, reporting and investigation

Tank Maintenance & Inspection

  • API 653 Tank Inspection
  • Tank failure causes and prevention
  • Settling
  • Corrosion inspection
  • Tank cleaning
  • Bunkering
  • Product Commingling
  • Product Blending
  • Product failures
  • Blending exercise

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